Affen Tzu History

The Affen Tzu is a mixed dog breed dog that results from the crossbreeding of an Affenpinscher and a Shih Tzu. Unlike purebred dogs, mixed breeds like the Affen Tzu do not have a long and documented history or a specific origin because they are a combination of two distinct breeds. Instead, their history and characteristics are determined by the traits and genetics inherited from their parent breeds.

To understand the potential history and characteristics of the Affen Tzu, it’s more useful to explore the histories of the Affenpinscher and the Shih Tzu separately:

  1. Affenpinscher: The Affenpinscher, also known as the “Monkey Terrier,” is a small toy breed with a distinct appearance. It is believed to have originated in Germany, where it was initially bred to be a rat-catcher in homes and stables. Over time, it evolved into a companion dog known for its charming and playful personality.
  2. Shih Tzu: The Shih Tzu is an ancient toy breed with origins in Tibet. It was bred as a companion dog for Chinese royalty, and it has a long history dating back over a thousand years. These dogs were highly prized and pampered by Chinese emperors and nobility. They are known for their luxurious, flowing coats and gentle temperament.

When an Affenpinscher is bred with a Shih Tzu, the resulting Affen Tzu typically inherits characteristics from both parent breeds. The mix combines the Affenpinscher’s playful and somewhat mischievous nature with the Shih Tzu’s sweet and affectionate disposition.

Since the Affen Tzu is a mixed breed, it does not have a standardized history or breed club like purebred dogs. Instead, its characteristics and history are shaped by the individual dogs and the breeding choices made by those who produce them. If you are interested in an Affen Tzu, it’s essential to research reputable breeders or rescue organizations and inquires about the specific lineage and health history of the dog you are considering adopting.

Charm of Affen Tzu Breed

Welcome to the world of Affen Tzu, an enchanting and delightful breed that will steal your heart with its playful charm. Affen Tzu, also known as Affenpinscher Shih Tzu mix, is a crossbreed between the Affenpinscher and Shih Tzu, two beloved toy breeds. This unique hybrid inherits the best qualities of both parent breeds, resulting in an adorable and affectionate companion that will bring joy to any household.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of Affen Tzu breeds, exploring their characteristics, care requirements, and frequently asked questions. Whether you are a prospective Affen Tzu owner or simply intrigued by this captivating breed, join us as we unveil the secrets of Affen Tzu’s charm.

Characteristics of the Affen Tzu Breed

Affen Tzu is a small-sized breed with a distinctive appearance that sets them apart from other toy breeds. Here are some key characteristics of the Affen Tzu breed:

Size and Appearance:

  • Affen Tzu is a small-sized breed, usually weighing between 7 to 10 pounds and standing about 9 to 12 inches tall.
  • They have a compact and sturdy body with a broad chest and a short, straight back.
  • Affen Tzu’s head is round and their eyes are large and dark, giving them an endearing and expressive look.
  • Their muzzle is short and broad, with a distinctive pushed-in nose and a pronounced underbite.
  • Affen Tzu’s ears are usually small and erect, and their tail is set high and carried curled over their back.

Coat and Colors:

  • Affen Tzu has a double coat that is usually dense, wiry, and rough to the touch.
  • Their coat can come in a variety of colors, including black, gray, silver, fawn, and red, with or without white markings.
  • Affen Tzu’s coat may require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling, and occasional trimming to maintain their unique appearance.

Temperament and Personality:

  • Affen Tzu is known for their lively and outgoing personality, making it a wonderful companion for families and seniors alike.
  • They are affectionate, loyal, and playful, and they enjoy spending time with their human family members.
  • Affen Tzu is also known to be alert and protective, making them good watchdogs despite their small size.
  • They have a curious nature and a mischievous streak, which adds to their unique charm and personality.

Affen Tzu Personality

The personality of an Affen Tzu, a crossbreed between an Affenpinscher and a Shih Tzu, can vary depending on individual genetics and upbringing. However, you can expect a blend of characteristics from both parent breeds, which often results in a delightful and unique personality. Here are some typical personality traits of Affen Tzus:

Playful: Affen Tzus tend to be playful and enjoy interactive games and toys. They have a lively and spirited nature that can provide hours of entertainment.

Affectionate: These dogs are often affectionate and love to be around their human family members. They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on attention and companionship.

Alert: Thanks to their Affenpinscher heritage, Affen Tzus is alert and attentive. They can make good watchdogs as they are quick to alert their owners to any potential intruders or unusual sounds.

Loyal: Like the Shih Tzu, Affen Tzus are typically loyal to their families. They enjoy being part of the household activities and may follow their owners around the house.

Mischievous: The Affenpinscher side of their personality can bring a touch of mischievousness. They may have a playful streak that includes antics and funny behaviors.

Adaptable: These dogs are usually adaptable to different living situations, making them suitable for apartment living or houses with small yards. They don’t require a lot of space to be happy.

Social: Affen Tzus often gets along well with other dogs and pets if properly socialized from a young age. Early socialization is crucial to ensure they develop good social skills.

Moderate Energy: They have a moderate energy level, which means they enjoy playtime but are not overly demanding in terms of exercise. Daily walks and play sessions are usually sufficient to keep them content.

Training: Affen Tzus can be intelligent but may also have a stubborn streak. Consistent and positive reinforcement training methods work best with them. Early training and socialization are essential to help them grow into well-behaved adults.

Grooming: Depending on their coat type (which can vary depending on the mix), they may require regular brushing and occasional grooming appointments to keep their coat healthy and free from mats.

Affen Tzu Highlights

It seems you might be referring to a crossbreed between the Affenpinscher and the Shih Tzu, which is sometimes affectionately called the “Affen Tzu.” Since crossbreeds can vary in appearance and temperament, it’s essential to understand that individual Affen Tzu dogs may have different characteristics. However, I can provide some general highlights based on the typical traits of Affenpinschers and Shih Tzus:

Size: Affen Tzus are usually small-sized dogs, with a height ranging from about 8 to 12 inches (20-30 cm) and a weight of 6 to 12 pounds (3-5.5 kg).

Appearance: They may have a compact and sturdy build with a coat that varies in texture and color, depending on their parentage. Their faces may have features reminiscent of both Affenpinschers and Shih Tzus.

Intelligence: Both parent breeds are relatively intelligent, and Affen Tzus may inherit this trait. They can be quick learners when it comes to obedience training and commands.

Health: Like all dogs, Affen Tzus may be prone to certain health issues inherited from their parent breeds. These may include hip dysplasia, brachycephalic (short-nose) respiratory issues, dental problems, and eye conditions. It’s essential to be aware of potential health concerns and to provide proper veterinary care.

Energy Level: These dogs tend to have moderate energy levels. They enjoy playtime and short walks but are not overly active.

Grooming: Grooming needs can vary depending on the coat type. If they inherit more Shih Tzu characteristics, they may have longer, dense hair that requires regular brushing and occasional grooming. Affenpinscher traits may lead to a shorter, wiry coat that requires less maintenance.

Socialization: Socialization is important for Affen Tzus to ensure they are well-adjusted and get along with other dogs and people. Early socialization can help prevent any potential aggressive or territorial behaviors.

Temperament: Affen Tzus are often known for their playful and affectionate nature. They can be good companions and enjoy spending time with their owners.

Care Requirements for Affen Tzu Breed


  • Despite their small size, Affen Tzu is an active breed that requires regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.
  • Daily walks, play sessions, and interactive toys are recommended to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.
  • However, care should be taken not to over-exercise them in hot weather or extreme temperatures due to their brachycephalic (short-nosed) nature, which may make breathing difficult.


  • Affen Tzu’s coat requires regular grooming to keep it clean and healthy. This may include brushing their coat at least once or twice a week to prevent matting and tangling.
  • Their nails should be trimmed regularly, their teeth brushed to maintain good dental hygiene, and their ears checked for any signs of infection or excessive wax buildup.
  • Professional grooming may also be required to maintain their unique coat appearance.

Diet and Nutrition:

  • Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the overall health and well-being of Affen Tzu.
  • High-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level should be fed in recommended portions.
  • Avoid overfeeding and provide access to clean, fresh water at all times.
  • Consult with your veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations based on your Affen Tzu’s needs.

Training and Socialization:

  • Affen Tzu, like any other breed, requires proper training and socialization from an early age.
  • Positive reinforcement methods should be used for training, as Affen Tzu may be sensitive to harsh training methods.
  • Early socialization with other dogs, animals, and different people is crucial to help them develop good manners and prevent behavior issues.

Affen Tzu Health

Affen Tzus, like all dogs, can be prone to certain health issues, some of which may be inherited from their parent breeds, the Affenpinscher and the Shih Tzu. While not all Affen Tzus will experience these health problems, it’s essential for potential owners to be aware of potential issues and take steps to maintain their dog’s overall health. Here are some common health concerns associated with Affen Tzus:

Brachycephalic Syndrome: If the Affen Tzu inherits a short nose and flat face from the Shih Tzu parent, it may be prone to brachycephalic syndrome. This can lead to breathing difficulties, snoring, and heat intolerance.

Dental Issues: Small breeds like Affen Tzus often have dental problems, including tooth decay and periodontal disease. Regular dental care, such as brushing and dental check-ups, is crucial.

Orthopedic Issues: Joint problems like hip dysplasia and luxating patellas (dislocated kneecaps) can occur, especially in dogs with a genetic predisposition. Maintaining a healthy weight and providing joint supplements can help reduce the risk.

Eye Conditions: Affen Tzus may be prone to certain eye issues, including cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and cherry eye. Regular eye check-ups are important.

Allergies: Skin allergies and food allergies are not uncommon in small breeds. Be attentive to any signs of itching, redness, or skin irritations.

Obesity: Like many small breeds, Affen Tzus can gain weight easily. Maintain a healthy diet and provide regular exercise to prevent obesity, which can exacerbate other health issues.

Patellar Luxation: Small dogs are prone to patellar luxation, where the kneecap slips out of place. This can cause pain and lameness.

Ear Infections: Dogs with floppy ears, like the Shih Tzu, are more susceptible to ear infections. Regular cleaning and ear care can help prevent these issues.

Hypothyroidism: Some small breeds, including Affen Tzus, can develop hypothyroidism, which affects the thyroid gland’s function. This condition can lead to weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems.

To ensure your Affen Tzu’s health, it’s essential to:

Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to monitor your dog’s overall health and catch any potential issues early.

Proper Nutrition: Feed your Affen Tzu a balanced diet appropriate for their size and age. Consult with your vet for dietary recommendations.

Dental Care: Practice good dental hygiene by brushing your dog’s teeth regularly and providing dental chews or toys.

Exercise: Provide regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and keep your dog mentally and physically stimulated.

Grooming: Depending on the coat type, groom your dog regularly to prevent matting and skin issues.

Socialization and Training: Socialize your Affen Tzu from a young age and provide consistent training to ensure their well-being and behavior.

Affen Tzu Feeding

Feeding an Affen Tzu, like any dog, requires careful consideration of their age, size, activity level, and individual dietary needs. Here are some general guidelines for feeding your Affen Tzu:

Choose High-Quality Dog Food: Opt for high-quality commercial dog food that meets the nutritional requirements of small-breed dogs. Look for products with meat as the primary ingredient and avoid those with excessive fillers and artificial additives.

Consult with Your Veterinarian: Your veterinarian can provide specific recommendations for your Affen Tzu’s nutritional needs based on their age, weight, and any existing health concerns. They can help you determine the right portion size and type of food.

Age-Appropriate Diet: Dogs have different nutritional needs at various life stages. Ensure you feed your Affen Tzu puppy food when they are young and transition to adult dog food at the appropriate age. Senior dogs may require special formulations.

Portion Control: Be mindful of portion sizes to prevent overfeeding or underfeeding. Follow the guidelines on the dog food packaging or the recommendations provided by your veterinarian. Adjust portion sizes based on your dog’s activity level and weight.

Scheduled Meals: Establish a regular feeding schedule with specific mealtimes. Avoid leaving food out all day as it can lead to overeating.

Monitor Weight: Keep an eye on your Affen Tzu’s weight and body condition. Adjust their food portions accordingly to maintain a healthy weight. Obesity can lead to various health problems.

Fresh Water: Ensure your dog has access to clean, fresh water at all times.

Treats and Snacks: Be cautious with treats and snacks. While it’s okay to give your dog occasional treats, avoid excessive indulgence, as it can contribute to weight gain. Choose healthy, low-calorie treats, or consider using a portion of their daily food for training treats.

Special Dietary Needs: If your Affen Tzu has allergies or specific dietary requirements, work with your veterinarian to choose an appropriate diet that addresses their needs.

Avoid Table Scraps: Refrain from feeding your dog table scraps or human food, as some foods can be toxic to dogs or upset their digestive system.

Transitioning to New Food: If you need to switch your dog to a different brand or type of dog food, do so gradually over the course of a week to avoid stomach upset. Mix a small portion of the new food with the old food, gradually increasing the ratio of the new food.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Affen Tzu Breed

Q: Are Affen Tzu good with children? 

A: Yes, Affen Tzu can be good with children, but supervision and proper introductions are necessary to ensure positive interactions.

Q: Do Affen Tzu shed a lot? 

A: Affen Tzu’s coat is low-shedding, but regular brushing is still required to prevent matting and tangling.

Q: How often should I groom my Affen Tzu? 

A: Affen Tzu’s coat should be brushed at least once or twice a week, and professional grooming may be required to maintain its unique appearance.

Q: Are Affen Tzu hypoallergenic? 

A: While no dog breed is truly hypoallergenic, Affen Tzu’s low-shedding coat may be more suitable for people with allergies.

Q: What is the average lifespan of Affen Tzu? 

A: The average lifespan of Affen Tzu is around 12-15 years with proper care and nutrition.


If you are looking for a playful, affectionate, and unique companion, the Affen Tzu breed may be the perfect fit for you. With their charming personality, distinctive appearance, and moderate care requirements, Affen Tzu can make a delightful addition to any household. Remember to provide them with regular exercise, grooming, proper diet, training, and socialization to ensure their well-being and happiness. Consult with your veterinarian for personalized care recommendations, and enjoy the endless joy and love that an Affen Tzu can bring into your life.

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