Dogue de Bordeaux Dog Breed

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux, often referred to as the French Mastiff, is a large and powerful dog breed known for its muscular build and distinctive wrinkled face.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large, imposing French dog breed with a short, fine coat in various shades of fawn. They are known for their gentle and affectionate nature, especially with families, and are generally good with children. They are loyal, protective, and courageous, making them excellent guard dogs.

Training is essential for the Dogue de Bordeaux, which can be stubborn and respond well to positive reinforcement and reward-based methods. Socialization is crucial to ensure well-behaved behavior.

Like many large breeds, Dogues de Bordeaux are prone to health issues, such as hip dysplasia, heart problems, and joint issues. Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary check-ups can help mitigate these potential health issues.

Regular exercise is necessary to keep the breed healthy and prevent obesity. Daily walks and some playtime in a secure area are usually sufficient.

The Dogue de Bordeaux has a long history, being one of the oldest French dog breeds. They were originally bred for various tasks, including guarding, hunting, and working with livestock. The breed gained international recognition, partly due to its appearance in movies like “Turner & Hooch.”

Dogue de Bordeaux Health and Grooming


The Dogue de Bordeaux breed is prone to several health issues, including hip dysplasia, heart problems, joint issues, cancer, bloat, and eye problems. Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit properly into the hip socket. Heart problems, such as aortic stenosis, can be managed with regular veterinary check-ups, a healthy diet, and exercise. Joint issues, like elbow dysplasia, can be managed with a healthy weight, joint supplements, and moderate exercise.

The breed is also at a higher risk of certain cancers, and regular veterinary check-ups and early detection are crucial for managing and treating potential health issues. Bloat, a serious condition, can be reduced by feeding smaller, frequent meals and avoiding vigorous exercise after meals. Eye problems, such as cherry eye and entropion, should be addressed promptly with regular eye check-ups.

Dogue de Bordeaux Health and Grooming


The Dogue de Bordeaux breed has a short, fine coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing removes loose hair and maintains the coat’s health. The breed sheds moderately, and their signature wrinkles, particularly on the face, require attention to prevent infection. Regular ear cleaning is crucial as they can be prone to infections. Trimming nails to a comfortable length is essential for comfort and gait. Regular dental care, including brushing teeth and providing dental chews or toys, is crucial for oral health. Dogue de Bordeaux doesn’t require frequent baths, but over-bathing can strip the coat of natural oils.

Dogue de Bordeaux Care and Feeding


Dogues de Bordeaux are not overly energetic but require regular exercise for their health and mental well-being. They prefer moderate activities, such as walks and playtime in a secure area, and avoid intense exercise in hot weather. Early and consistent training is crucial for their behavior, with positive reinforcement and reward-based methods being effective. Socialization is also essential to ensure they feel comfortable around other dogs and people.

Regular grooming, including brushing, cleaning, and trimming nails, is essential for their overall health. Regular vet check-ups are crucial for health monitoring. Socialization from an early age helps prevent behavioral issues and ensures they are well-adjusted and confident. Health monitoring is crucial, with regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care. Dogues de Bordeaux can live in various environments, including apartments, as long as they receive sufficient exercise.

Dogue de Bordeaux Care and Feeding


A high-quality dog food is recommended for large breeds, supporting joint health and muscle development. Consult with your veterinarian for appropriate portion sizes and feeding schedules. Avoid overfeeding, as obesity can worsen joint problems. Adult Dogues de Bordeaux are fed twice a day, with puppies needing more frequent meals. Avoid feeding immediately before or after vigorous exercise to reduce bloat risk. Ensure access to fresh, clean water for proper hydration. Consult with your veterinarian if you notice any adverse reactions to certain foods, as some individuals may have specific dietary needs or allergies.


What is the origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux?

  • The Dogue de Bordeaux is a French breed with a long history. It was initially developed for various tasks, including guarding, hunting, and working with livestock.

How big do Dogues de Bordeaux get?

  • Males typically stand between 23-27 inches (58-68 cm) at the shoulder and weigh 110-145 pounds (50-66 kg). Females are slightly smaller.

What is the temperament of a Dogue de Bordeaux?

  • Despite their imposing appearance, Dogues de Bordeaux are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are loyal, protective, and often good with children.

Are Dogues de Bordeaux good with children and other pets?

  • Yes, in general, they are good with children, but their large size should be taken into consideration. Proper socialization from an early age is important. They can also get along well with other pets when properly introduced.

Do Dogues de Bordeaux require a lot of exercise?

  • While they are not overly energetic, Dogues de Bordeaux still need regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and mental well-being. Daily walks and moderate activities are usually sufficient.
How do you groom a Dogue de Bordeaux?
  • Regular grooming includes brushing to remove loose hairs, cleaning wrinkles on the face, checking and cleaning ears, trimming nails, and maintaining oral hygiene. They have a short coat that requires minimal grooming.

Are Dogues de Bordeaux easy to train?

  • They can be somewhat stubborn, but with early and consistent training using positive reinforcement, they can be trained effectively. Socialization is crucial to prevent behavioral issues.

What health issues are common in Dogues de Bordeaux?

  • Common health issues include hip dysplasia, heart problems, joint issues, cancer, and bloat. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper care can help manage these risks.

How long do Dogues de Bordeaux live?

  • On average, the lifespan of a Dogue de Bordeaux is around 8 to 12 years. Proper care, a healthy diet, and regular veterinary check-ups can contribute to their longevity.

Are Dogues de Bordeaux good guard dogs?

  • Yes, they are excellent guard dogs. Their loyalty, protective nature, and imposing appearance make them effective in guarding their family and property.

Do they drool a lot?

  • Yes, Dogues de Bordeaux are known to drool, especially after eating or drinking. Keeping a towel handy can help manage drool.

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