The Chinese Crested is a breed of dog known for its distinct appearance, characterized by its nearly hairless body with tufts of fur on the head, tail, and feet. There are two coat varieties within the Chinese Crested breed: Hairless and Powderpuff. Despite the name, the Powderpuff variety has a full coat of soft, straight hair.
Here are some key characteristics and information about Chinese Cresteds:
- Hairless: This variety has smooth, soft skin with hair on the head (crest), tail (plume), and feet (socks). The exposed skin can be of various colors and patterns.
- Powderpuff: This variety has a double coat with a soft, straight outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. The coat can come in a variety of colors.
- Chinese Cresteds are a small breed. They typically weigh between 5 to 12 pounds (2.3 to 5.4 kg) and stand about 11 to 13 inches (28 to 33 cm) tall at the shoulder.
- Chinese Cresteds are known for being affectionate, alert, and playful. They often form strong bonds with their owners and can be good with children.
- They may be reserved or wary around strangers, making them effective as watchdogs.
- Despite their small size, Chinese Cresteds can be quite energetic and enjoy playtime and short walks.
- Hairless: Despite being hairless, they require regular skin care, including sunscreen when exposed to sunlight, and protection in cold weather.
- Powderpuff: The Powderpuff variety requires more extensive grooming due to their full coat. Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting.
- Chinese Cresteds can be prone to certain health issues, including dental problems, skin sensitivity, and joint concerns.
- Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for maintaining the health of the breed.
- The Chinese Crested has a long and varied history. Despite its name, it did not originate in China. The breed likely has its roots in Africa, and Chinese sailors might have played a role in spreading the breed to other parts of the world.
- Chinese Cresteds are often kept as companion animals and can be popular in various dog shows due to their unique appearance.
Chinese Crested Care and Feeding
Taking care of a Chinese Crested involves attention to their unique needs, particularly in terms of grooming, feeding, and overall health.
Here are some guidelines for caring for a Chinese Crested:
- Hairless Chinese Cresteds: Despite being mostly hairless, they require regular skincare. Apply sunscreen to exposed skin when outdoors to prevent sunburn. In colder weather, provide protection such as clothing or blankets.
- Powderpuff Chinese Cresteds: Brush the Powderpuff’s coat regularly to prevent matting. Bathing can be done as needed, but be sure to use a gentle shampoo to avoid skin irritation.
- Choose a high-quality dog food appropriate for the dog’s age, size, and activity level.
- Monitor their weight and adjust their diet accordingly to prevent obesity.
- Small breeds like the Chinese Crested may benefit from a diet formulated for small or toy breeds.
- Consider feeding them two to three small meals throughout the day rather than one large meal to prevent digestive issues.
- While Chinese Cresteds are small, they are often energetic. Regular playtime and short walks are beneficial.
- Provide mental stimulation through toys and interactive activities.
- Dental health is crucial for Chinese Cresteds. Brush their teeth regularly to prevent dental issues.
- Provide dental chews or toys that promote dental hygiene.
Regular Veterinary Check-ups:
- Schedule regular veterinary visits to monitor your Chinese Crested’s overall health.
- Discuss vaccinations, parasite prevention, and any specific health concerns with your veterinarian.
Socialization and Training:
- Chinese Cresteds can be social dogs, but early socialization is important to ensure they are comfortable around people, other pets, and various environments.
- Basic obedience training is beneficial. Use positive reinforcement techniques, as these dogs respond well to rewards.
- Since Chinese Cresteds can be sensitive to temperature extremes, provide appropriate protection in both hot and cold weather.
- In colder weather, consider using dog clothing to keep them warm.
- Keep the ears clean and check for signs of infection.
- Trim the nails regularly to prevent overgrowth.
- Clean the eyes as needed, especially in hairless Chinese Cresteds.
Attention and Affection:
- Chinese Cresteds are known for forming strong bonds with their owners. Provide them with attention, affection, and companionship.
Monitoring Skin Health:
- Regularly check for any skin issues, irritations, or allergies. Consult with a veterinarian if you notice any concerns.
Chinese Crested Health and Grooming
Skin Care for Hairless Chinese Cresteds:
- Apply sunscreen to exposed skin when going outdoors to prevent sunburn.
- Protect them from extreme weather conditions, including cold and wind.
- Check for any skin irritations, allergies, or rashes regularly.
- Brush their teeth regularly to prevent dental issues.
- Provide dental treats or toys to promote oral hygiene.
- Schedule professional dental cleanings as recommended by your veterinarian.
- Keep the area around the eyes clean, especially in hairless Chinese Cresteds.
- Check for any signs of eye infections or irritation.
- Clean the ears regularly to prevent wax buildup and infections.
- Check for signs of ear mites or other ear issues.
Regular Veterinary Check-ups:
- Schedule routine check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor overall health.
- Discuss vaccinations, parasite prevention, and any breed-specific health concerns.
Hairless Chinese Cresteds:
- Moisturize the skin as needed to prevent dryness.
- Keep the skin clean with regular baths, using a mild, hypoallergenic shampoo.
- Pay attention to skin folds, especially around the neck and legs, to prevent infections.
Powderpuff Chinese Cresteds:
- Brush the Powderpuff’s coat regularly to prevent matting.
- Bathe them as needed, using a gentle dog shampoo.
- Trim the hair around the feet and sanitary areas.
- Regularly trim the nails to prevent overgrowth.
- Be cautious not to cut into the quick, and use a grinder or file if necessary.
- Brush their teeth at least two to three times a week to prevent dental issues.
- Use a dog-friendly toothbrush and toothpaste.
- Clean around the eyes, especially in hairless Chinese Cresteds, to prevent tear staining.
- Use a moist cotton ball or pad to wipe away any discharge.
- Clean the ears regularly, removing any wax or debris.
- Be gentle and avoid pushing anything deep into the ear canal.
Anal Gland Expression:
- Monitor for signs of discomfort or scooting, which may indicate issues with the anal glands.
- If necessary, have the anal glands expressed by a veterinarian.
Regular Grooming Sessions:
- Establish a regular grooming routine to maintain the overall cleanliness and health of your Chinese Crested.
Where do Chinese Cresteds originate from?
- A: Despite their name, Chinese Cresteds did not originate in China. Their exact origin is uncertain, but they are believed to have roots in Africa. Chinese sailors likely played a role in spreading the breed to other parts of the world.
What are the two-coat varieties of the Chinese Crested?
- A: The Chinese Crested comes in two coat varieties: Hairless and Powderpuff. Hairless Chinese Cresteds have smooth, soft skin with hair on the head, tail, and feet. Powderpuffs have a full coat of soft, straight hair.
Do Hairless Chinese Cresteds require special skincare?
- A: Yes, Hairless Chinese Cresteds require special attention to their skin. They should be protected from sun exposure with sunscreen, and care should be taken in both hot and cold weather to prevent skin issues.
How should I groom a Powderpuff Chinese Crested?
- A: Powderpuff Chinese Cresteds require regular brushing to prevent matting of their double coat. Regular baths using a gentle dog shampoo and trimming around the feet and sanitary areas are also necessary.
Are Chinese Cresteds good with children?
- A: Generally, Chinese Cresteds can be good with children, especially if they are well-socialized from a young age. However, due to their small size, it’s important to supervise interactions to prevent accidental injury.
How much exercise do Chinese Cresteds need?
- A: Chinese Cresteds are a small and energetic breed. They benefit from regular playtime and short walks. While they don’t require intense exercise, mental stimulation is important for their well-being.
Are Chinese Cresteds good for apartment living?
- A: Yes, Chinese Cresteds can adapt well to apartment living. Their small size and moderate exercise needs make them suitable for living in smaller spaces.
Specific health concerns for Chinese Cresteds?
- A: Chinese Cresteds can be prone to dental issues, skin sensitivities, and joint concerns. Regular veterinary check-ups and good dental care are essential for their overall health.
Are they good watchdogs?
- A: Yes, Chinese Cresteds can be good watchdogs. They are often alert and may be reserved or wary around strangers, making them effective in alerting their owners to potential dangers.
How do I choose a reputable breeder for a Chinese Crested?
- A: Look for breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of the dogs. Ask for references, visit the breeder’s facility, and ensure the puppies are raised in a clean and caring environment. Reputable breeders also provide health certifications for their breeding dogs.