American Foxhound Breed

The American Foxhound is a breed of hound that is known for its hunting prowess and endurance. It is a descendant of English Foxhounds that were brought to America in the 17th and 18th centuries. This breed was developed primarily for hunting foxes, hence the name “Foxhound.” American Foxhounds are considered one of the oldest and rarest American dog breeds.

Here are some key characteristics and information about the American Foxhound:

Appearance: American Foxhounds are medium to large-sized dogs with a sleek and athletic build. They have a short, dense coat that can come in various color combinations, including tricolor, red and white, and lemon and white. Their ears are long and floppy, and they have expressive, gentle eyes.

Temperament: These dogs are known for their friendly and sociable nature. They are typically good with children and get along well with other dogs. American Foxhounds are intelligent but can be somewhat independent, as their hunting instincts can be strong. They are known for their sweet and affectionate disposition.

Exercise Needs: American Foxhounds are high-energy dogs that require regular exercise. They have a strong hunting instinct and will benefit from activities such as long walks, hikes, or even engaging in dog sports like agility. Providing mental stimulation through puzzles and games is also important to keep them happy and healthy.

Hunting Instinct:

This breed was originally bred for hunting, and their hunting instincts are still strong. They have an excellent sense of smell and a natural desire to track scents. Many American Foxhounds are used for hunting purposes, particularly in fox hunting or other forms of scent-trailing activities.

Training: American Foxhounds can be a bit stubborn at times, so consistent and patient training is essential. Positive reinforcement methods work well with this breed. Early socialization is also important to ensure they grow up to be well-adjusted and friendly dogs.

Health: American Foxhounds are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they can be prone to certain health issues. These may include hip dysplasia, ear infections (due to their floppy ears), and obesity if not properly exercised. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor their health.

Lifespan: The typical lifespan of an American Foxhound is around 10 to 13 years.

American Foxhounds are not as common as some other dog breeds, and they are more often found in hunting or sporting environments rather than as family pets. However, if you are an active and outdoorsy person and can meet their exercise needs, and you are interested in a friendly and loyal companion, the American Foxhound might be the right breed for you.

American Foxhound History

The history of the American Foxhound is closely tied to the history of fox hunting in the United States. The American Foxhound is a distinct breed developed from the English Foxhound but with characteristics adapted to the American hunting environment and terrain.

Here is a brief overview of the history of the American Foxhound:

Colonial Origins: Foxhunting was a popular pastime in England, and it was brought to the American colonies by European settlers in the 17th century. English Foxhounds were imported to the American colonies to be used for hunting, and these dogs formed the foundation for what would become the American Foxhound.

Crossbreeding and Development: Over time, the imported English Foxhounds were crossed with various other breeds, including French hounds and other American hounds, to adapt to the different terrain and game found in North America. The breeders sought to develop a faster, more agile, and lighter-built hound suitable for the varied hunting conditions in the United States.

George Washington’s Contribution:

One of the most famous figures associated with the development of the American Foxhound is George Washington. He was an avid fox hunter and played a significant role in breeding and refining the American Foxhound. He is said to have received several hounds from his friend Marquis de Lafayette, which he used to improve the breed. Washington’s breeding records and commitment to foxhunting contributed to the development of the breed’s distinctive traits.

Recognition and Standardization: In 1886, the American Foxhound was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The AKC recognized two distinct strains of American Foxhounds: the “American” strain, bred for its hunting abilities, and the “English” strain, bred for show conformation. These strains have slight variations in appearance and temperament but share a common ancestry.

Modern Use: American Foxhounds are primarily used for hunting, especially in the sport of fox hunting, as well as other forms of scent trails. They excel in their ability to track scents and pursue games. While they may be used for hunting, they are not as common as family pets as some other breeds.

Preservation: Efforts have been made to preserve and protect the purity of the American Foxhound breed. The American Foxhound Club, established in 1887, is dedicated to promoting the breed and maintaining its hunting characteristics.

The American Foxhound is an integral part of American hunting history and is appreciated for its hunting skills and heritage. While it may not be as popular as some other breeds, it continues to play a significant role in hunting traditions and activities in the United States.

American Foxhound Health and Feeding

The health and feeding of your American Foxhound are crucial for ensuring their well-being and longevity. Here are some guidelines on how to take care of their health and dietary needs:

  1. Regular Veterinary Check-Ups: Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor your American Foxhound’s overall health. These visits can help catch and prevent health issues early.
  2. Vaccinations and Preventative Care: Ensure that your dog is up to date on vaccinations and preventative care, such as heartworm, flea, and tick prevention. Discuss the appropriate vaccination and preventive care schedule with your veterinarian.
  3. Nutrition: Provide a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain your Foxhound’s health. High-quality dog food is essential. Discuss your dog’s specific dietary needs with your vet, as these can vary depending on factors like age, activity level, and overall health.
  4. Exercise: American Foxhounds are an active breed with high exercise requirements. Regular exercise is vital to keep them physically and mentally fit. Long walks, runs, and opportunities to use their tracking skills can help satisfy their energy needs.
  5. Weight Management: Monitor your dog’s weight and body condition. Obesity can lead to various health problems, including joint issues and heart disease. Adjust their food intake and exercise regimen accordingly to maintain a healthy weight.
  6. Dental Care: Dental health is essential for all dogs. Brush your American Foxhound’s teeth regularly and provide dental chews or toys to help keep their teeth clean. Dental issues can lead to various health problems.
  7. Ear Care: American Foxhounds are prone to ear infections due to their floppy ears. Check their ears regularly for signs of infection, redness, or odor. Clean their ears as needed, but be careful not to go too deep into the ear canal.
  8. Grooming: While the American Foxhound has a short coat, regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy and minimize shedding. Bathing should be done as needed, typically every few months or when they get dirty.
  1. High-Quality Dog Food: Choose a high-quality commercial dog food that is appropriate for your Foxhound’s age and activity level. Look for brands with named meat sources as the first ingredient, and avoid foods with fillers or by-products.
  2. Portion Control: Follow the feeding guidelines provided on the dog food packaging. Adjust the portion size based on your dog’s age, weight, and activity level. Be mindful of overfeeding to prevent obesity.
  3. Meal Frequency: Most adult American Foxhounds do well with two meals a day. Puppies and very active dogs may require more frequent feedings. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best meal schedule for your dog.
  4. Hydration: Always provide fresh, clean water for your dog. Proper hydration is essential for their overall health.
  5. Special Diets: If your American Foxhound has specific dietary needs due to health issues or allergies, work with your veterinarian to find an appropriate specialized diet.

American Foxhound Care and Grooming

Taking care of your American Foxhound involves regular grooming and general care to keep them healthy and happy. Here are some tips for American Foxhound care and grooming:

General Care:
  1. Exercise: American Foxhounds are an active breed and require plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. Engage in daily activities such as long walks, runs, or outdoor playtime. Foxhounds enjoy scent-tracking games as well.
  2. Socialization: Socialize your Foxhound from a young age to ensure they are well-adjusted and friendly around other dogs and people. Expose them to various environments and experiences.
  3. Training: American Foxhounds can be independent thinkers, so early and consistent training is essential. Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to motivate them.
  4. Health Check-Ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor your dog’s overall health and catch any potential health issues early. Keep up with vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and dental care.
  1. Brushing: Despite their short coat, American Foxhounds benefit from regular brushing to remove loose hair and promote a healthy coat. A weekly brushing should suffice, but increase the frequency during shedding seasons.
  2. Bathing: American Foxhounds are not typically prone to strong odors, so they do not need frequent baths. Bathe them when they get dirty or develop a noticeable odor. Use a mild dog shampoo to avoid skin irritation.
  3. Ear Care: Check your Foxhound’s ears regularly for signs of infection, redness, or a bad odor. Clean their ears as needed using a veterinarian-approved ear-cleaning solution. Be cautious not to insert anything deep into the ear canal.
  4. Nail Trimming: Keep your dog’s nails at an appropriate length. Long nails can cause discomfort and affect their gait. Trim the nails when you can hear them clicking on the floor, or ask your veterinarian or a professional groomer for assistance.
  5. Dental Care: Dental health is vital. Brush your Foxhound’s teeth regularly, ideally daily. Provide dental chews or toys to help reduce plaque and tartar buildup.
  6. Eye Care: Check your dog’s eyes for signs of irritation, discharge, or redness. If you notice any issues, consult with your veterinarian for guidance.
  7. Coat Care: Use a shedding brush or a de-shedding tool during shedding seasons to remove loose hair and reduce shedding. This can help keep your home cleaner.
  8. Ticks and Fleas: Check your dog for ticks and fleas regularly, especially if they spend time outdoors. Use appropriate preventive measures as recommended by your veterinarian.
  9. Hygiene: Keep your Foxhound’s living area clean and provide fresh water at all times. Wash their food and water bowls regularly.

American Foxhound Appearance and Color Coating

The American Foxhound is a medium to large breed known for its athletic and elegant appearance. Here are some key characteristics related to their appearance and coat colors:

  1. Size: American Foxhounds are medium to large dogs. Adult males typically stand between 22 to 25 inches (56 to 64 cm) tall at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, standing about 21 to 24 inches (53 to 61 cm) in height. Their weight can range from 60 to 70 pounds (27 to 32 kg) or more.
  2. Body: They have a well-balanced and athletic build with a straight back and a deep chest. Their legs are long and strong, which contributes to their speed and endurance. Foxhounds have a graceful, almost aristocratic appearance.
  3. Head: The head of an American Foxhound is long and narrow. Their eyes are large and brown or hazel in color. They have expressive, drooping ears that hang close to their cheeks.
  4. Tail: Their tail is long and carried high, often described as a “sickle tail.” It is an important feature of the hound’s appearance.
Coat Colors:

American Foxhounds come in a variety of coat colors. The most common coat colors and patterns include:

  1. Tricolor: This is the most recognizable coat color for American Foxhounds. It features a white base with black and brown or tan markings on the head, ears, and body.
  2. Red and White: These Foxhounds have a white coat with red markings, which can vary in intensity. Some may have a predominantly redhead, while others have more evenly distributed red and white markings.
  3. Lemon and White: Lemon and white Foxhounds have a white coat with light lemon-colored (pale yellow) markings. These markings can range from subtle to more distinct.
  4. Blue and White: Blue and white Foxhounds have a white coat with black markings. This coloration is less common than the tricolor and solid colors.
  5. Solid Colors: While less common, American Foxhounds can also be found in solid colors, including black, tan, and brown. However, solid-colored Foxhounds are not as frequently seen in the breed.

It’s important to note that American Foxhounds may also have variations in the amount of ticking (small freckles) on their white coat, which can add to their unique appearance.

The distinctive coloring and markings of the American Foxhound are part of what makes this breed visually appealing. Their elegant and athletic build, combined with their coat colors and patterns, give them a classic and striking appearance.


Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the American Foxhound:

What is the origin of the American Foxhound?

The American Foxhound is a breed that originated in the United States. It descended from English Foxhounds brought to America during the 17th and 18th centuries, but it was selectively bred and adapted to the American hunting environment and terrain.

Are American Foxhounds good pets?

American Foxhounds can make good pets, but they are primarily bred for hunting and have high exercise needs. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, making them suitable for families that can provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.

How much exercise do American Foxhounds need?

American Foxhounds are a high-energy breed and require a substantial amount of exercise. They benefit from daily, vigorous activities, including long walks, runs, and opportunities for scent-tracking games. Without enough exercise, they can become bored and potentially destructive.

Do American Foxhounds get along with other dogs and pets?

American Foxhounds are generally good with other dogs and can coexist well with them. However, their strong hunting instincts may make them prone to chasing smaller animals, so they should be supervised around smaller pets such as cats.

Are American Foxhounds easy to train?

Training an American Foxhound can be a bit challenging due to their independent nature and strong hunting instincts. Consistent and positive reinforcement-based training is essential. Early socialization and puppy training classes are also recommended.

Do American Foxhounds shed a lot?

American Foxhounds do shed, but their short coat means that shedding is generally not excessive. Regular brushing can help reduce loose hair and keep their coat in good condition.

What health issues are common in American Foxhounds?

American Foxhounds are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, ear infections (due to their floppy ears), and obesity if not properly exercised. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor their health.

How long do American Foxhounds live?

The average lifespan of an American Foxhound is typically around 10 to 13 years, although individual lifespans can vary based on factors like genetics, diet, and overall care.

What is the purpose of American Foxhounds today?

American Foxhounds are primarily used for hunting, especially in the sport of fox hunting and other forms of scent trailing. While hunting remains their primary purpose, they can also make loyal companions and family pets when their exercise needs are met.

Are American Foxhounds good with children?

American Foxhounds are generally good with children. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, and they often get along well with kids. However, as with any dog, proper supervision and training are important to ensure safe interactions between the dog and children.

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